Everything You need to know about Orthopedic Surgeries

Everything You need to know about Orthopedic Surgeries


Orthopedic surgery encompasses a wide range of procedures aimed at treating musculoskeletal issues, including bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles. These surgeries are conducted to correct deformities, alleviate pain, restore function, and improve mobility. 

Common orthopedic surgeries include joint replacements, such as hip and knee replacements, arthroscopic procedures for repairing ligament and cartilage injuries, spinal surgeries for conditions like herniated discs or spinal stenosis, and fracture repair surgeries.

Advances in technology, including minimally invasive techniques and the use of robotics, have improved surgical outcomes, reducing recovery times and complications. Rehabilitation and physical therapy often follow surgery to optimize recovery and restore strength and mobility. 

However, like any surgical procedure, orthopedic surgeries carry risks, including infection, blood clots, and complications related to anesthesia, highlighting the importance of thorough preoperative evaluation and post-operative care.

Types of Orthopedic Surgeries?

Orthopedic surgery encompasses a diverse range of procedures targeting various parts of the musculoskeletal system. Here are some types of orthopedic surgeries include:

  • Joint Replacement Surgery: This involves replacing a damaged or diseased joint with an artificial implant, commonly performed for hips, knees, shoulders, and elbows.
  •  Arthroscopic Surgery: Minimally invasive procedures using a tiny camera and specialized instruments inserted through small incisions to diagnose and treat joint problems, such as torn ligaments, cartilage damage, and inflammation.
  •  Spinal Surgery: Operations performed on the spine to treat conditions like herniated discs, spinal stenosis, fractures, deformities, and spinal instability. Procedures may involve decompression, fusion, or artificial disc replacement.
  •  Fracture Repair Surgery: Surgical intervention to realign and stabilize broken bones using various techniques such as internal fixation (implants like screws, plates, or rods) or external fixation (external devices to hold bones in place).
  •  Ligament and Tendon Repair: Surgeries to repair torn or damaged ligaments (like the ACL or MCL in the knee) and tendons (such as the Achilles tendon or rotator cuff).
  •  Deformity Correction: Procedures to correct congenital deformities (present at birth) or acquired deformities caused by injury, disease, or abnormal growth, including limb lengthening or correction of bone malalignment.
  •   Hand and Wrist Surgery: Operations to treat conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, arthritis, and fractures of the hand, wrist, or fingers.
  •  Foot and Ankle Surgery: Surgeries to address conditions like bunions, hammertoes, plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendon disorders, ankle instability, and fractures of the foot and ankle.
  •  Orthopedic Oncology: Surgery to remove bone or soft tissue tumors, followed by reconstruction if necessary.

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Risks & Benefits involved with orthopedic surgeries

Orthopedic surgeries offer the potential for significant benefits in terms of pain relief, improved mobility, function restoration, and overall quality of life. Nevertheless, as with any surgical procedure, there are certain associated risks. Here's an overview of the risks and benefits associated with orthopedic surgeries:


  •  Pain Relief: Orthopedic surgeries can effectively alleviate chronic pain caused by musculoskeletal conditions, injuries, or degenerative diseases.
  •  Improved Mobility and Function: Many orthopedic procedures aim to restore or enhance joint function and mobility, allowing patients to engage in daily activities with greater ease.
  •    Enhanced Quality of Life: By addressing underlying orthopedic issues, surgeries can improve a patient's overall quality of life, enabling them to lead more active and fulfilling lifestyles.
  •   Correction of Deformities: Surgeries such as joint replacements and deformity corrections can help improve the alignment and structure of bones and joints, reducing deformities and improving aesthetics.
  •   Prevention of Further Damage: In some cases, orthopedic surgeries can prevent the progression of degenerative conditions or further damage to joints, ligaments, or bones.


  •  Infection: Surgical site infections are a potential risk with any surgery, requiring prompt treatment to prevent complications.
  •  Blood Clots: Orthopedic surgeries, especially those involving joint replacement or spinal procedures, increase the risk of blood clots forming in the legs (deep vein thrombosis) or traveling to the lungs (pulmonary embolism).
  •  Anesthesia Complications: General anesthesia carries risks such as allergic reactions, respiratory problems, or adverse reactions to anesthesia medications.
  •  Bleeding: Excessive bleeding during or after surgery can occur, requiring transfusions or additional procedures to control bleeding.
  •  Nerve or Blood Vessel Damage: Invasive orthopedic procedures carry the risk of damaging nearby nerves or blood vessels, potentially leading to sensory or motor deficits.

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Precaution after orthopedic surgeries

After orthopedic surgery, it's crucial to follow specific precautions to promote healing, prevent complications, and optimize recovery. Here are some common precautions typically recommended after orthopedic surgeries:

  • Follow Postoperative Instructions: Carefully adhere to the instructions provided by your surgeon and medical team regarding wound care, activity restrictions, medication management, and follow-up appointments.
  •  Manage Pain and Swelling: Take prescribed pain medications as directed to manage discomfort and swelling. Ice packs, elevation of the surgical site, and compression garments may also help reduce swelling and inflammation.
  •  Protect Surgical Incisions: Keep the surgical incision site clean and dry to prevent infection. Follow any dressing changes or wound care instructions provided by your healthcare provider.
  •   Limit Activity: Avoid activities that could strain or stress the surgical area, especially during the initial healing period. Follow any weight-bearing restrictions or mobility limitations recommended by your surgeon.
  •  Use Assistive Devices: If necessary, use assistive devices such as crutches, walkers, or braces to support mobility and reduce the risk of falls or injury during the recovery period.
  •  Practice Proper Rehabilitation: Engage in prescribed physical therapy exercises to restore strength, flexibility, and range of motion. Attend all scheduled physical therapy sessions and follow the therapist's recommendations for home exercises.
  •  Monitor for Signs of Complications: Be vigilant for signs of infection, such as increased pain, redness, swelling, warmth, or drainage from the surgical site. If you experience any unexpected symptoms or have any concerns, contact your healthcare provider promptly.
  • Gradually Resume Activities: Gradually increase activity levels as tolerated, following your surgeon's guidance. Avoid high-impact or strenuous activities until cleared by your healthcare provider.
  • Maintain a Healthy Lifestyle: Eat a balanced diet rich in nutrients to support healing and maintain overall health. Stay hydrated, avoid smoking, and limit alcohol consumption, as these factors can affect healing and recovery.
  •  Attend Follow-Up Appointments: Keep all scheduled follow-up appointments with your surgeon to monitor progress, address any concerns, and ensure that recovery is proceeding as expected.

How does Khandaka Hospital Help you with orthopedic surgeries?

Khandaka Hospital stands out as one of the best orthopaedic hospital in Jaipur, offering comprehensive care and expertise in orthopedic surgeries. With a team of highly skilled orthopedic surgeons, specialized nurses, and state-of-the-art facilities, Khandaka Hospital provides personalized treatment plans tailored to each patient's unique needs. 

From joint replacement surgeries to spine procedures, fracture repairs, and sports injury treatments, the hospital offers a wide range of orthopedic services. Patients benefit from advanced surgical techniques, including minimally invasive procedures and robotic-assisted surgeries, which help minimize postoperative pain, reduce recovery times, and improve outcomes. 

Moreover, Khandaka Hospital prioritizes patient safety and comfort, with stringent infection control measures, compassionate care, and dedicated rehabilitation programs to support patients throughout their recovery journey. 

Whether addressing chronic orthopedic conditions or acute injuries, Khandaka Hospital is committed to delivering exceptional orthopedic care, restoring mobility, and enhancing the quality of life for every patient.